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What are the causes of gum pain?

Pain in your gums can be a symptom of an inflammation of your gums or gingivitis. Inflammation may manifest as redness, swelling, pain and bleeding after brushing.

If gum pain is left untreated, it can lead to receding gums. It also damages your jaw bones.

During pregnancy, hormonal changes can increase a sensitivity of your gums, which may lead to soreness or pain. Canker sores can also cause gum pain.

Gum Pain and Gingivitis

Gingivitis can cause your gums to separate from your teeth. It leads to injury of your soft tissue and the bone that supports your teeth, resulting in your affected tooth to come loose and unstable. If you don’t see your dentist, you’re at risk of losing your tooth.

This dental condition can be prevented by practicing excellent dental hygiene. Even if you practice perfect dental hygiene, you can still suffer from gum pain if you regularly smoke or consume certain medications.

Having crooked teeth may also cause gingivitis. Other risk factors will include broken fillings, genetic factors, lower immunity, and pregnancy.

Symptoms of gingivitis

Unfortunately, not all patients are aware that they have this dental condition. Bear in mind that you may still have gingivitis even if you don’t experience gum pain.

To accurately diagnose this condition, your dentist will conduct a thorough dental examination. Your dentist will measure pockets around your teeth. The normal depth is between one and three millimeters. An x-ray may also be performed to check for any bone loss.

To treat this dental condition, your dentist will perform a deep cleaning of your teeth. Then, you must cut back on eating sugary foods and smoking. If you have diabetes, you have to learn how to control it.

Improper Way of Brushing or Flossing

Brushing and flossing are essential in keeping your teeth healthy. However, if you aggressively brush or floss your teeth, it can cause damage to your gums.

Since your gums comprise of delicate tissue, they can be easily damaged. That’s why it’s ideal that you only use soft bristles.

If you see blood when you spit out after brushing or flossing, it’s highly likely that you’re doing it wrong or a bit too aggressively. Talk to your dentist about the proper way to brush and floss to minimize gum pain or irritation.


Ill-fitting dentures and dental appliances can cause gum pain. Most of the time, they involve your lower jaw. You should talk to your dentist if you think that your dentures don’t fit well in your mouth.


This, too, can cause gum pain, although not directly. Stress is one of the contributing factors of TMD. It’s a condition caused by grinding of your teeth. Teeth grinding can contribute to painful gums. If you’re highly emotional, you’re more likely to experience it than those who know how to handle their emotions.


A lot of factors can cause gum pain. To know the exact cause of your condition, you should visit your dentist regularly. It’s also vital that you practice excellent oral hygiene to ensure the health of your teeth and gums.


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